Maria Quitéria de Jesus Medeiros was the first woman to be part of the brazilian army. She joined the army in 1822, to help consolidate the brazilian independence and fought against portugueses at Bahia. Since women couldn’t join the army, Maria Quitéria chopped her hair and disguised herself as a man, Soldier Medeiros. Her father found out, but the major of the batallionship where she served refused to let her go, because she was a great soldier.
After the brazilian victory, Maria Quitéria went to the capital, Rio de Janeiro, and was condecorated by the emperor Dom Pedro I. She got married, had babies and died anonymously, but since 1953, every brazilian army unit has a painting of this amazing lady.